Estructura factorial de las Escalas de Bienestar Psicológico de Ryff en estudiantes universitarios

  • Carlos Freire Grupo de Investigación en Psicología Educativa, Universidad de A Coruña, A Coruña, España
  • María del Mar MarFerradás Grupo de Investigación en Psicología Educativa, Universidad de A Coruña, A Coruña, España
  • José Carlos Núñez Departamento de Psicología, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, España
  • Antonio Valle Grupo de Investigación en Psicología Educativa, Universidad de A Coruña, A Coruña, España


En el presente trabajo se analiza la estructura factorial de las Escalas de Bienestar Psicológico de Ryff en estudiantes universitarios. Participaron en el estudio 1,402 sujetos, que fueron distribuidos aleatoriamente en 2 submuestras homogéneas independientes: una de calibración y una de validación. Diversos modelos teóricos propuestos por la investigación previa fueron objeto de análisis factorial confirmatorio. Nuestros resultados indican que el modelo de 4 factores de primer nivel (autoaceptación, dominio del entorno, propósito en la vida y crecimiento personal) es el que muestra mejores indicadores de ajuste a los datos empíricos. Se discuten los resultados a la luz de las implicaciones teóricas y empíricas de estos hallazgos.


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