Estilos de temperamento de adultos: un análisis de redes de sus relaciones con el modelo de cinco grandes factores de personalidad

  • Solange Muglia Wechsler Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas (Brazil)
  • Nicholas Benson Baylor University (Texas)
  • Wagner de Lara Wagner de Lara Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas (Brazil)
  • Cristina María D’Antona Bachert Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas (Brazil)
  • Eliezer Fernandes Gums University Adventist Center of São Paulo (Brazil)

Resumen

Este estudio investigó la estructura de conectividad entre los estilos de temperamento y los cinco grandes factores de la personalidad (Big Five) utilizando análisis de redes. También se investigó la estabilidad temporal de los estilos de temperamento. Se recogieron dos muestras de participantes brasileños, la primera para el análisis de red y la segunda para investigar la estabilidad de los estilos de temperamento. La primera muestra se compone de 149 adultos (57% mujeres) de 18 a 66 años (M=32; DE=9.92), y la segunda de 88 individuos (56% mujeres) de 18 a 41 años de edad, SD=5.79). Los instrumentos fueron el Inventario de Estilos de Personalidad de Adultos (IATS) y la Batería de Factor de Personalidad (BFP). Los resultados confirmaron que los estilos de temperamento medidos por el IATS formaron redes con factores de personalidad medidos por el BFP. El análisis de la comunidad indicó la presencia de cuatro grupos de personalidad. Las estimaciones de la fiabilidad test-retest fueron estadísticamente significativas (p≤1.0). En conclusión, los estilos de temperamento son estables y pueden ser concebidos como una red de rasgos asociados con la personalidad.

Citas

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