El problema de la asistencia escolar en la educación obligatoria japonesa: el caso de una escuela secundaria pública

  • Naoki Maeda Kyushu University of Health and Welfare (Japón)
  • Soichiro Hatada Hospital Matsushita (Japón)

Resumen

El propósito de este estudio fue recopilar datos precisos sobre el Problema de Asistencia Escolar (PAE) en Japón a nivel local mientras se usa una definición explícita de asistencia legítima. Se extrajeron los datos de asistencia de 35 estudiantes en una escuela secundaria (M=13.9 años, SD=0.9) y se examinaron 11 factores fundamentales relacionados con PAE. Los análisis mostraron que el número de ausencias en el año anterior fue un fuerte predictor de los PAE en el año en curso; que más del 90% de los sujetos no aprovecharon instituciones especiales; que la actitud de los padres fue un predictor significativo de la prolongación de PAE; y que el tipo de retiro de escuela (RE) fue la forma más común de PAE. Independientemente de su registro de asistencia o rendimiento académico, todos los estudiantes con PAE pasaron al siguiente grado al final del año escolar. La estrecha cooperación entre los padres y la escuela se identifica como un factor clave para abordar los PAE. Con el fin de brindar un apoyo efectivo a los estudiantes con PAE en Japón, es necesario revisar aspectos del sistema educativo que pueden alentar a los estudiantes a no asistir a la escuela.

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