Estrategias de afrontamiento, empatía y tendencia prosocial en universitarios

  • Francisco Manuel Morales Universidad de Granada (España)

Resumen

El objetivo del presente estudio consistió en analizar las estrategias de afrontamiento del estrés cotidiano percibido en una muestra de estudiantes universitarios y su relación con otras variables psicoeducativas de empatía y medidas de tendencia prosocial. Los participantes fueron estudiantes universitarios pertenecientes a primeros cursos de las Facultades de Ciencias de la Educación y de Psicología a los que se les aplicó los siguientes instrumentos: un Inventario de Estrategias de Afrontamiento, Test de Empatía Cognitiva y Afectiva, una Escala de Prosocialidad y otro para evaluar Comportamientos Prosociales/ Medida de Tendencia Prosocial. Los resultados demuestran la existencia de correlaciones positivas entre estrategias productivas de afrontamiento centradas en el problema como la resolución de problemas y las variables de empatía, conducta prosocial y medida de tendencia prosocial. La estrategia evitación se asoció negativamente con la variable empatía y comportamientos prosociales. Los datos obtenidos son relevantes para el diseño de futuros programas de entrenamiento de estrategias de afrontamiento del estrés cotidiano en el ámbito universitario y para el desarrollo de competencias intrapersonales e interpersonales como las relacionadas con la empatía y el desarrollo de comportamientos prosociales.

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