El perfeccionismo en adolescentes con trastornos de la conducta alimentaria

  • Isabel Laporta-Herrero Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (España)
  • María Pilar Delgado Servicio Aragonés de Salud (España)
  • Soraya Rebollar Servicio Aragonés de Salud (España)
  • Carmen Lahuerta Servicio Aragonés de Salud (España)

Resumen

El perfeccionismo ha sido considerado un factor de riesgo significativo para la psicopatología y una característica de personalidad típica en las personas que sufren trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA). Este estudio pretende conocer la relación entre el perfeccionismo y la sintomatología depresiva, autoestima e insatisfacción corporal en adolescentes diagnosticados de TCA. La muestra se compuso de 100 adolescentes (M edad = 14,91, DT = 1,094) diagnosticados de TCA que acudían ambulatoriamente a una unidad específica de TCA infanto-juvenil del Sistema Nacional de Salud. Todos los pacientes cumplimentaron la escala perfeccionismo del Inventario de Trastornos de la Conducta Alimentaria (EDI-3), el Cuestionario Español de Depresión Infantil (CEDI-II), la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg (RSES), y el Cuestionario sobre la Forma Corporal (BSQ-34). Los resultados indican que la escala perfeccionismo del EDI-3 correlaciona significativamente de forma positiva con el CEDI-II (r = ,336, p = ,001) y BSQ-34 (r = ,199, p = ,45), y de forma negativa con el RSES (r = -,337, p = ,001). Los adolescentes diagnosticados de TCA que puntúan más alto en perfeccionismo presentan mayor sintomatología depresiva e insatisfacción corporal, y menor autoestima. Consideramos que un abordaje específico sobre el perfeccionismo podría redundar en una mejoría psicopatológica de estos pacientes.

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Cómo citar
LAPORTA-HERRERO, Isabel et al. El perfeccionismo en adolescentes con trastornos de la conducta alimentaria. European Journal of Health Research, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 97-107, mayo 2020. ISSN 2445-0308. Disponible en: <https://formacionasunivep.com/ejhr/index.php/journal/article/view/205>. Fecha de acceso: 25 sep. 2020 doi: https://doi.org/10.30552/ejhr.v6i1.205.
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