La prematuridad: el estrés paternal, el temperamento y el desarrollo del niño

  • Fiorella Monti
  • Erica Neri
  • Elena Trombini
  • Francesca Aureliano
  • Augusto Biasini
  • Francesca Agostini

Resumen

El estudio explora, en el parto prematuro, la relación entre el estrés de los padres, la percepción maternal del temperamento del niño y el nivel de desarrollo del niño. Para la evaluación de una muestra de 78 niños prematuros a los 3 meses exactos de edad, en comparación con 73 nacidos a término, se han usado: Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF), para el estrés parental; cuestionarios italianos para el temperamento (QUIT, 1-12 meses), para el temperamento; las escalas de desarrollo mental de Griffiths (GMDS; 0-2 años), para el desarrollo del niño. Los resultados muestran que las madres de prematuro experimentan un estrés paternal significativamente mayor y sienten una reducción de la actividad motora en sus hijos, que tienen un menor nivel de desarrollo en la escala de Oído-Lenguaje, performance y cociente general. Los predictores significativos de estrés materno son los siguientes: nacimiento pre término, disminución en el desarrollo locomotor y personal-social y la percepción materna de una alta emocionalidad positiva y una baja emocionalidad negativa. El nacimiento prematuro tiene un profundo impacto estresante en las madres, agravado por la percepción de la disparidad entre las exigencias de la atención neonatal y los recursos disponibles

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Cómo citar
MONTI, Fiorella et al. La prematuridad: el estrés paternal, el temperamento y el desarrollo del niño. European Journal of Child Development, Education and Psychopathology, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 3, p. 141-155, nov. 2013. ISSN 2340-924X. Disponible en: <https://formacionasunivep.com/ejpad/index.php/journal/article/view/10>. Fecha de acceso: 19 nov. 2019 doi: https://doi.org/10.30552/ejpad.v1i3.10.
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Palabras clave

Prematuridad; estrés de los padres; temperamento del niño; desarrollo infantil