Diferencias sexuales en prejuicio sexual. El contacto como variable mediadora

  • Dolores Frías-Navarro University of Valencia
  • Jaime Barrientos-Delgado Catholic University of North
  • Laura Badenes-Ribera University of Valencia
  • Héctor Monterde-i-Bort University of Valencia
  • Manuel Cárdenas-Castro Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso

Resumen

El presente artículo analiza la relación entre el sexo y la nacionalidad, y el prejuicio hacia hombres gay y lesbianas, y el rechazo de padres del mismo sexo, en España y Chile. Los participantes fueron estudiantes universitarios (N=491). Los resultados señalan que los hombres son más prejuiciosos que las mujeres, y los participantes chilenos mostraron más prejuicio que los participantes españoles. Además, las diferencias sexuales en actitudes hacia las lesbianas y los hombres gay, y las diferencias por nacionalidad, estuvieron mediadas por la variable contacto. Las diferencias en nacionalidad respecto a las actitudes hacia los padres del mismo sexo (escala de oposición normativa) estuvieron completamente mediadas. Esta subescala operacionaliza el constructo de heterosexismo hacia familias con padres del mismo sexo, y es bastante difícil de intervenir en este constructo social para reducir el prejuicio. Los hallazgos de este estudio pueden tener importantes implicaciones para reducir el prejuicio sexual. Conocer, interactuar y fomentar relaciones entre los miembros del exogrupo y del endogrupo puede reducir las diferencias debidas al sexo y la nacionalidad.

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Cómo citar
FRÍAS-NAVARRO, Dolores et al. Diferencias sexuales en prejuicio sexual. El contacto como variable mediadora. European Journal of Child Development, Education and Psychopathology, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 45-58, abr. 2013. ISSN 2340-924X. Disponible en: <https://formacionasunivep.com/ejpad/index.php/journal/article/view/3>. Fecha de acceso: 18 nov. 2019 doi: https://doi.org/10.30552/ejpad.v1i1.3.
Sección
Artículos

Palabras clave

Actitudes; diferencias sexuales; transcultural; contacto; padres del mismo sexo